They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. Although the UDHR Universal Declaration of human Rights is a non- binding resolution, it is now considered to be a central component of international customary law which may be invoked under appropriate circumstances by national and other judiciaries.
The UDHR urges member nations to promote a number of human, civil, economic and social rights, asserting these rights are part of the "foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. The members of the Commission did not immediately agree on the form of such a bill of rights, and whether, or how, it should be enforced. Canadian law professor John Humprey and French lawyer Rene Cassin were responsible for much of the cross-national research and the structure of the document respectively, where the articles of the declaration were interpretative of the general principle of the preamble.
The document was structured by Cassin to include the basic principles of dignity, liberty, equality and brotherhood in the first two articles, followed successively by rights pertaining to individuals; rights of individuals in relation to each other and to groups; spiritual, public and political rights; and economic, social and cultural rights.
The final three articles place, according to Cassin, rights in the context of limits, duties and the social and political order in which they are to be realised. Humphrey and Cassin intended the rights in the UDHR to be legally enforceable through some means, as is reflected in the third clause of the preamble. Some of the UDHR was researched and written by a committee of international experts on human rights, including representatives from all continents and all.
One of the most serious of violations of human rights is the case of racial discrimination. South Africa for example, had for quite some time practised a policy called Apartheid.
As a result the black people who were in majority there had no political rights. The country was ruled by a minority regime of whites. The UN passed resolution to condemn its racist policy. Many countries including India broke their diplomatic relations with South Africa. However, the practice of Apartheid did not last for long. After a long struggle South Africa saw a significant change in this regard. For the first time in its histoiy, the people of South Africa got a Black President, Nelson Mandela, on the basis of one person one vote.
Now, all the people of South Africa enjoy civil and political rights irrespective of race, colour and creed. Human Rights must be ensured to all human beings for their prosperity and happiness. India, being a democratic country, provides such rights to its citizens. The makers of the Indian Constitution have incorporated many of the human rights mentioned above in our constitution.
Today minorities in many parts of the world have no political rights. The story of Ms. Suu Kyi Myanmar is a shining example in this respect. Cruelty to prisoners of war, unjust treatment of prisoners in jail, economic discrimination, casteism, rape, child labour, child prostitution, etc. Protection and maintenance of human rights is a fundamental duty of every government.
Countries, particularly the democratic countries, must stand together in this respect and take necessary persuasive and even coercive actions, to see that these fundamental human rights are adhered to by people, organisations and countries all over the world.
Search to find a specific human rights essay or browse from the list below: Appropriate Responses to Prisoner Hunger Strike Imprisonment and Human Rights Discuss the appropriate response to a prisoner who goes on hunger strike.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Introduction: Human rights are as old as human civilization; but their use and relevance have been well defined during the recent years. It has gathered more importance in the post-second-world war period, particularly after the United Nation’s .
Human rights are rights to certain claims and freedoms for all human beings all over the world. These rights, besides being fundamental and universal in character, assumed international dimension. These rights ensure to make man free. - Human Rights Essay Many people and nations around the world are deprived of human rights. The government in the countries or nations usually can not help the people being deprived. Either because the government is too poor to, it is not one of the things the government is looking into, or the government does not know or care.
Synopsis: Every human being is entitled to human rights such as right to live and exist, right to freedom, freedom from exploitation, equality before law, to have adequate standard of living etc. The UN adopted Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Rights have their corresponding duties. Human rights presuppose a rule of law and equality. Human Rights Law Essays. The selection of human rights law essays below have been submitted to us by students in order to help you with your studies. Please remember to reference makeshop-fz4r9hsp.cf if you wish to cite any of these essays in your own work.